Manichaeanism

   The religion founded in the third century by the Persian Mani. A central doctrine was the conflict between two opposing forces, Good (Light) and Evil (Darkness). The material world was considered evil, and Manichaeans were urged to practice asceticism (q.v.). Though sharing the same basic worldview, adherents of Zoroastrianism, the state religion of the Sassanians (qq.v.), persecuted Manichaeanism. Augustine (q.v.) was a follower of Manicheanism for a while; in his time, it was a major world religion.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • manichaeanism — Manichaeanism …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Manichaeanism — noun see Manichaean …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Manichaeanism — The doctrine that the world is not governed by one perfect Being, but by a balance of the forces of good and evil. The doctrine elevates the devil, as the personification of evil, into a position of power comparable to that of God. It derives… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • manichaeanism — man·i·chae·an·ism …   English syllables

  • Manichaeanism — noun a religion founded by Manes in the third century; a synthesis of Zoroastrian dualism between light and dark and Babylonian folklore and Buddhist ethics and superficial elements of Christianity; spread widely in the Roman Empire but had… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rebecca West — Portrait of Rebecca West by Madame Yevonde Born Cicely Isabel Fairfield 21 December 1892(1892 12 21) London, England (or county Kerry, Ireland?) …   Wikipedia

  • Christianity — /kris chee an i tee/, n., pl. Christianities. 1. the Christian religion, including the Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox churches. 2. Christian beliefs or practices; Christian quality or character: Christianity mixed with pagan elements; …   Universalium

  • Manichaean — or Manichean or Manichee noun Etymology: Late Latin manichaeus, from Late Greek manichaios, from Manichaios Manes died ab A.D. 276 Persian founder of the sect Date: 1556 1. a believer in a syncretistic religious dualism originating in Persia in… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Augustine of Hippo — This article is about the theologian and philosopher, Augustine of Hippo. For his theodicy regarding the problem of evil, see Augustinian theodicy. Augustine , Saint Augustine , and Augustinus redirect here. For other uses, see Augustine… …   Wikipedia

  • Catharism — Cathar redirects here. For other uses, see Cathar (disambiguation). The Good Men redirects here. For the Dutch house music duo, see Zki Dobre. Gnosticism This article is part of a series on …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.